Volume 9, Issue 1 (Spring 2022)                   johe 2022, 9(1): 12-18 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Tababtabaei S H, Alimohammadi I, Kharghani Moghadam S M, Taheri E, Dalvand S, Ebrahimi H. The Investigation of Personality Effects on Driving Errors. johe 2022; 9 (1) : 2
URL: http://johe.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-700-en.html
1- 1 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , hossein.ebrahimi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1367 Views)
Background and Objective: Humans, roads, vehicles, and environmental factors mainly cause traffic collisions. Personality form human behavior which is one of the basic parameters in the factor of humans. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of personality on driving errors using a driving simulator.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 80 drivers between the ages of 20 and 40. Pride car simulator and the variables of transverse deviation, acceleration, and collision were used to investigate driving errors. Individual personality traits were also determined by the Big Five Factor Questionnaire of Goldberg. Data were analyzed using SPSS software.
Results: The results indicated that the personality factors of neuroticism, extraversion, and openness were directly and significantly related to the variables of collision, speed, and transverse deviation of the vehicle (P<0.05). Agreement and conscientiousness inversely affect the variability of acceleration and transverse deviation of the vehicle, which was not statistically significant (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The results of the study revealed that some personality factors are correlated with driving errors. Driving is a common daily activity that requires dynamic information processing which varies in different individuals leading to changes in driving errors.


Article number: 2
Full-Text [PDF 744 kb]   (591 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Ergonomics

References
1. Wells S, Mullin B, Norton R, Langley J, Connor J, Jackson R, et al. Motorcycle rider conspicuity and crash related injury: case-control study. BMJ. 2004;328(7444):857. [PMID: 14742349] DOI: 10.1136/bmj.37984.574757.EE [DOI:10.1136/bmj.37984.574757.EE] [PMID] [PMCID]
2. Murray C, Lopez A. A compendium of incidence, prevalence and mortality estimates for over 200 conditions. The Global Burden of Disease and Injury Series The Global Burden of Disease. 1996;2.
3. Odero W, Khayesi M, Heda P. Road traffic injuries in Kenya: magnitude, causes and status of intervention. Inj Control Saf Promot. 2003;10(1-2):53-61. [PMID: 12772486] DOI: 10.1076/icsp.10.1.53.14103 [DOI:10.1076/icsp.10.1.53.14103] [PMID]
4. World Health Organization. Global status report on road safety 2018: supporting a decade of action. Geneva: WHO; 2018. Available from: https://www.who.int/violence_injury_prevention/road_safety_status/2018/en/
5. World Health Organization 2018.World health statistics. Monitoring health for the SDGs(sustainabledevelopment goals). Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/gho/publications/ world_health _statistics/ 2018/en/.
6. Sohrabi MS, Motamedzade M, Golmohammadi R, Moghimbeigi A. Using a driving simulator to assess driver's reaction time to two types of brake lights. Iran Occup Health. 2013;10(1):1-10.
7. Rezazadeh Z, Askarishahi M, Vakili M. Trend of Fetal Traffic injuries in Iran from 2009 to 2018. Tolooebehdasht. 2021;19(6):50-62. DOI: 10.18502/tbj.v19i6.5709 [DOI:10.18502/tbj.v19i6.5709]
8. Narimani M, Rajabi S, Ahadi B, Hosseini SS. Comparison of reaction time, distraction and fatigue in the drivers involved in accidents and normal drivers. Know Res App Psych. 2011;12(44):47-54.
9. Amado S, Koyuncu M, Kacaroglu G. Evaluation of factors affecting safe driving: Demografic factors, experience, personality and psycho-technical evaluation. Turk J Psych. 2004;19(53):23-47.
10. Geramy An, Badri R, Zeinali S. Comparison Of Personality Types (The Types A&B Personalities And Sensation Seeking) Men And Women Offender Drivers. Wo Study Fam. 2009;2(5):97-108.
11. Herzberg PY. Beyond "accident-proneness": Using Five-Factor Model prototypes to predict driving behavior. J Res Pers. 2009;43(6):1096-100. DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2009.08.008 [DOI:10.1016/j.jrp.2009.08.008]
12. Hatami H, Fathi An, Dowlatshahi B. Comparison between personality characters of reckless drivers and ordinary drivers (Case study: karaj); 2011.
13. Strahan C, Watson B, Lennonb A. Can organisational safety climate and occupational stress predict work-related driver fatigue? Transp Res F: Traffic Psychol Behav. 2008;11(6):418-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2008.04.002 [DOI:10.1016/j.trf.2008.04.002]
14. Adl J, Dehghan N, Abbaszadeh M. The survey of unsafe acts as the risk factors of accidents in using taxis for intercity travelling in Tehran. Safety promotion and injury prevention (Tehran). J Saf Prom Inj Prev. 2014; 2(5):283-290.
15. Irwin C, Monement S, DesbrowB. Drinking, Texting, Eating: The influence of everyday distractions on simulated driving performance. Traffic Inj Prev. 2015;16(2):116-23. [PMID: 24828121] DOI: 10.1080/15389588.2014.920953 [DOI:10.1080/15389588.2014.920953] [PMID]
16. Goldberg LR. An alternative" description of personality": the big-five factor structure. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1990;59(6):1216-29. [PMID: 2283588] DOI: 10.1037//0022-3514.59.6.1216 [DOI:10.1037//0022-3514.59.6.1216] [PMID]
17. Endsley MR. Toward a theory of situation awareness in dynamic systems. Situational awareness: Routledge; 2017. p. 9-42. [DOI:10.4324/9781315087924-3]
18. Vidulich M, Dominguez C, Vogel E, McMillan G. Situation awareness: Papers and annotated bibliography. Armstrong Lab Wright-Patterson Afb Oh Crew Systems Directorate; 1994. [DOI:10.21236/ADA284752] [PMID]
19. Smith K, Hancock PA. Situation awareness is adaptive, externally directed consciousness. Hum Factors. 1995;37(1):137-48. DOI: 10.1518/001872095779049444 [DOI:10.1518/001872095779049444]
20. Salmon PM, Stanton NA, Young KL. Situation awareness on the road: review, theoretical and methodological issues, and future directions. Theor Issues Ergon Sci. 2012;13(4):472-92. DOI: 10.1080/1463922X.2010.539289 [DOI:10.1080/1463922X.2010.539289]
21. Gugerty LJ. Situation awareness during driving: Explicit and implicit knowledge in dynamic spatial memory. J Exp Psychol Appl. 1997;3(1):42-46. DOI: 10.1037//1076-898X.3.1.42 [DOI:10.1037//1076-898X.3.1.42]
22. Clarke S, T Robertson I. A meta‐analytic review of the Big Five personality factors and accident involvement in occupational and non‐occupational settings. J Occup Organ Psychol. 2005;78(3):355-76. DOI: 10.1348/096317905X26183 [DOI:10.1348/096317905X26183]
23. Marshall GN, Wortman CB, Vickers RR, Kusulas JW, Hervig LK. The five-factor model of personality as a framework for personality-health research. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1994;67(2):278-86. [PMID: 7932063] DOI: 10.1037//0022-3514.67.2.278 [DOI:10.1037//0022-3514.67.2.278] [PMID]
24. Oltedal S, Rundmo T. The effects of personality and gender on risky driving behaviour and accident involvement Saf Sci. 2006;44(7):621-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2005.12.003 [DOI:10.1016/j.ssci.2005.12.003]
25. Lajunen T. Personality and accident liability: are extraversion, neuroticism and psychoticism related to traffic and occupational fatalities? Pers Individ Differ. 2001;31(8):1365-73. DOI: 10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00230-0 [DOI:10.1016/S0191-8869(00)00230-0]
26. Ashton MC, Lee K, Perugini M, Szarota P, De Vries RE, Di Blas L, et al. A six-factor structure of personality-descriptive adjectives: solutions from psycholexical studies in seven languages. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2004;86(2):356-66. [PMID: 14769090] DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.86.2.356 [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.86.2.356] [PMID]
27. Hagh-Shenas H, Hosseini M, Jamshidi M, Azizi HR. Relation of personality traits with driving behavior in city of Shiraz in 2005. Hakin Res J. 2008;11(3):47-54.
28. Peabody D, De Raad B. The substantive nature of psycholexical personality factors: A comparison across languages. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2002;83(4):983-97. [PMID: 12374448] DOI: 10.1037//0022-3514.83.4.983 [DOI:10.1037//0022-3514.83.4.983] [PMID]
29. Faraahani M, Kasirlo Y. Comparing big five factors of personality in violating and non-violating drivers. J Psychol. 2006;1(1):123-142.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Hygiene Engineering

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb