Volume 9, Issue 1 (Spring 2022)                   johe 2022, 9(1): 12-18 | Back to browse issues page

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Tababtabaei S H, Alimohammadi I, Kharghani Moghadam S M, Taheri E, Dalvand S, Ebrahimi H. The Investigation of Personality Effects on Driving Errors. johe 2022; 9 (1) : 2
URL: http://johe.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-700-en.html
1- 1 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , hossein.ebrahimi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1713 Views)
Background and Objective: Humans, roads, vehicles, and environmental factors mainly cause traffic collisions. Personality form human behavior which is one of the basic parameters in the factor of humans. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of personality on driving errors using a driving simulator.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 80 drivers between the ages of 20 and 40. Pride car simulator and the variables of transverse deviation, acceleration, and collision were used to investigate driving errors. Individual personality traits were also determined by the Big Five Factor Questionnaire of Goldberg. Data were analyzed using SPSS software.
Results: The results indicated that the personality factors of neuroticism, extraversion, and openness were directly and significantly related to the variables of collision, speed, and transverse deviation of the vehicle (P<0.05). Agreement and conscientiousness inversely affect the variability of acceleration and transverse deviation of the vehicle, which was not statistically significant (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The results of the study revealed that some personality factors are correlated with driving errors. Driving is a common daily activity that requires dynamic information processing which varies in different individuals leading to changes in driving errors.

Article number: 2
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Ergonomics

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