Volume 7, Issue 1 (Spring 2020)                   johe 2020, 7(1): 41-50 | Back to browse issues page


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parchami mahmoud M, mirzaei M, kalatpour O. Identification and Analysis of Critical Activities of Firefighting Department for Structural Fire Scenarios Using Task and Training Requirements Analysis (TTRAM). johe 2020; 7 (1) :41-50
URL: http://johe.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-566-en.html
1- 1 Department of Health, Safety and Environment Management (HSE), School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2- 1 Department of Health, Safety and Environment Management (HSE), School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran , kalatpour@umsha.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4490 Views)
Background and Objective: Population growth and development of cities has several consequences, including an increase in residential fires. Residential fire is one of the most important scenarios requiring quick response which encompasses various and serious threatening risks for responding to team members. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the critical tasks of fire operation response to structural fire scenarios using Task and Training Requirements Analysis Methodology.
Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted on 10 fire stations in Hamadan, Iran. Among various operational scenarios, the residential fire scenario was selected for further analysis using expert opinions. The selected scenario was analyzed in detail by Hierarchical Task Analysis. The final selected task was assessed regarding skill decay, practice effectiveness, task sensitivity, and teamwork level.
Results: Out of 126 tasks for residential fire scenarios, 54 tasks encompass the most skill decay potential and 71 tasks include the highest level of team supporting activities. Considering the sensitivity and teamwork level, 9 tasks had the highest levels of vulnerabilities. Securing the incident scene in coordination with other organizations showed the highest level of vulnerability.
Conclusion: Due to the variety of scenarios and tasks of firefighter teams, some duties possess higher levels of skill decay potential. Therefore, it is necessary to identify, analyze, and manage those activities through a systematic approach.
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Safety

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