Volume 9, Issue 1 (Spring 2022)                   johe 2022, 9(1): 37-45 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.QUMS.REC.1399.440


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Sobhani S, Mohammadi Zeidi I, Tabanfar S, Hosseini M S. Relationship between Anxiety and Quality of Life in Nurses Caring for Covid-19 Patients in Different Wards. johe 2022; 9 (1) : 5
URL: http://johe.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-780-en.html
1- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Qazvin University of Medical Science, Qazvin, Iran
2- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
3- Department of Occupational Health and Safety, School of Public health, Qazvin University of Medical Science, Qazvin, Iran , mshosseni@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1965 Views)
Background and Objective: Nurses are at high risk of contracting Covid-19 due to their occupational nature. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the relationship between anxiety and quality of life among nurses caring for Covid-19 Patients in different wards.
Materials and Methods: A total of 142 nurses working in Covid-19 wards of hospitals affiliated to Qazvin University of Medical Sciences were selected via multi-stage random sampling and participated in this descriptive cross-sectional study. Data were collected using the demographic information questionnaire, Corona Disease Anxiety Scale (CDAS), and quality of life questionnaire (SF-36).
Results: The mean age of participants was 31.37±6.1 years, and the majority of nurses (62%) were married. The mean scores of Covid-19 anxiety and quality of life were reported as 18.70±8.79 and 55.57±18.70, respectively. The anxiety score was assessed as moderate. The highest and lowest quality of life scores belonged to the physical function (69.04±29.03) and role-emotional dimensions (48.35±42.86), respectively. There was a significant negative correlation between anxiety and quality of life (P<0.001; r= -0.350). Nurses working in emergency and general wards had the highest and lowest scores of anxiety (P=0.032), respectively. Nurses working in general and coronary care unit (CCU)  wards had the highest and lowest scores of quality of life (P=0.005), respectively, compared to other groups.
Conclusion: As evidenced by the obtained results, nurses working in Covid-19 wards are exposed to moderate levels of anxiety. Health managers are suggested to identify and eliminate the causes of anxiety in nurses in an attempt to improve their quality of life by establishing counseling and specialized training centers for nurses.
Article number: 5
Full-Text [PDF 803 kb]   (1252 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Ergonomics

References
1. Gupta S, Sahoo S. Pandemic and mental health of the front-line healthcare workers: a review and implications in the Indian context amidst COVID-19. Gen Psychiatr. 2020;33(5):e100284. [PMID: 34192235] DOI: 10.1136/ gpsych-2020-100284 [DOI:10.1136/gpsych-2020-100284] [PMID] [PMCID]
2. Labrague LJ, De los Santos JAA. COVID‐19 anxiety among front‐line nurses: Predictive role of organisational support, personal resilience and social support. J Nurs Manag. 2020;28(7):1653-61. [PMID: 32770780] DOI: 10.1111/ jonm.13121 [DOI:10.1111/jonm.13121] [PMID] [PMCID]
3. Buselli R, Corsi M, Baldanzi S, Chiumiento M, Del Lupo E, Dell'Oste V, et al. Professional quality of life and mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to sars-cov-2 (covid-19). Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(17):6180. [PMID: 32858810] DOI: 10.3390/ ijerph17176180 [DOI:10.3390/ijerph17176180] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Korkmaz S, Kazgan A, Çekiç S, Tartar AS, Balcı HN, Atmaca M. The anxiety levels, quality of sleep and life and problem-solving skills in healthcare workers employed in COVID-19 services. J Clin Neurosci. 2020;80:131-6. [PMID: 33099335] DOI: 10.1016/j.jocn.2020.07.073 [DOI:10.1016/j.jocn.2020.07.073] [PMID] [PMCID]
5. Pouralizadeh M, Bostani Z, Maroufizadeh S, Ghanbari A, Khoshbakht M, Alavi SA, et al. Anxiety and depression and the related factors in nurses of Guilan University of Medical Sciences hospitals during COVID-19: A web-based cross-sectional study. Int J Afr Nurs Sci. 2020;13:100233. [PMID: 32837911] DOI: 10.1016/j.ijans.2020.100233 [DOI:10.1016/j.ijans.2020.100233] [PMID] [PMCID]
6. Atashi A, Nejatian A. Challenges of Home Health Care During COVID-19 Outbreak in Iran. Int J Community Based Nurs Midwifery. 2020;8(4):360-361. DOI: 10.30476/ IJCBNM.2020.86511.1349
7. Liu C, Lee YC, Lin YL, Yang SY. Factors associated with anxiety and quality of life of the Wuhan populace during the COVID-19 pandemic. Stress Health. 2021;37(5):887-897. [PMID: 33739610] DOI: 10.1002/smi.3040 [DOI:10.1002/smi.3040] [PMID] [PMCID]
8. Farhadi A, Bagherzadeh R, Moradi A, Nemati R, Sadeghmoghadam L. The relationship between professional self-concept and work-related quality of life of nurses working in the wards of patients with COVID-19. BMC Nurs. 2021;20(1):1-8. DOI: 10.1186/s12912-021-00595-2 [DOI:10.1186/s12912-021-00595-2] [PMID] [PMCID]
9. World Health Organization. WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard https://covid19.who.int/2021. Available from: https://covid19.who.int
10. Rahmanian M, Kamali A, Mosalanezhad H, Foroughian M, Kalani N, Hatami N, et al. Evaluation of anxiety of medical and non-medical staff in exposure and non-exposure to new corona virus (Covid-19). J Arak Uni Med Sci. 2020;23(5):710-723. DOI: 10.32598/JAMS.23.COV.3577.3 [DOI:10.32598/JAMS.23.COV.3577.3]
11. Gheysarzadeh A, Sadeghifard N, Safari M, Balavandi F, Falahi S, Kenarkoohi A, et al. Report of 5 nurses infecting COVID-19 during patient care: case Series. New Microbes New Infect. 2020;36:100694. [PMID: 32405418] DOI: 10.1016/j.nmni.2020.100694 [DOI:10.1016/j.nmni.2020.100694] [PMID] [PMCID]
12. Abdelghani M, Mahdy R, El-Gohari H. Health anxiety to COVID-19 virus infection and its relationship to quality of life in a sample of health care workers in Egypt: a cross-sectional study. Arch Psychiatry Psychother. 2021;23(1):19-28. [DOI:10.12740/APP/130304]
13. Vafaei H, Roozmeh S, Hessami K, Kasraeian M, Asadi N, Faraji A, et al. Obstetrics Healthcare Providers' Mental Health and Quality of Life During COVID-19 Pandemic: Multicenter Study from Eight Cities in Iran. Psychol Res Behav Manag. 2020;13:563-571. [PMID: 32765131] DOI: 10.2147/PRBM.S256780 [DOI:10.2147/PRBM.S256780] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Jo S, Kurt S, Bennett JA, Mayer K, Pituch KA, Simpson V, et al. Nurses' resilience in the face of coronavirus (COVID‐19): An international view. Nurs Health Sci. 2021;23(3):646-657. [PMID: 34169629] DOI: 10.1111/nhs.12863 [DOI:10.1111/nhs.12863] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Yang X, Zhang Y, Li S, Chen X. Risk factors for anxiety of otolaryngology healthcare workers in Hubei province fighting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2021;56(1):39-45. [PMID: 32785756] DOI: 10.1007/s00127-020-01928-3 [DOI:10.1007/s00127-020-01928-3] [PMID] [PMCID]
16. Stojanov J, Malobabic M, Stanojevic G, Stevic M, Milosevic V, Stojanov A. Quality of sleep and health-related quality of life among health care professionals treating patients with coronavirus disease-19. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2020;67(2):175-181. [PMID: 32674637] DOI: 10.1177/0020764020942800 [DOI:10.1177/0020764020942800] [PMID] [PMCID]
17. Dong X-Y, Wang L, Tao Y-X, Suo X-l, Li Y-C, Liu F, et al. Psychometric properties of the Anxiety Inventory for Respiratory Disease in patients with COPD in China. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2017;12:49-58. [PMID: 28053516] DOI: 10.2147/COPD.S117626 [DOI:10.2147/COPD.S117626] [PMID] [PMCID]
18. Alipour A, Ghadami A, Alipour Z, Abdollahzadeh H. Preliminary validation of the Corona Disease Anxiety Scale (CDAS) in the Iranian sample. Quar J Health Psychol. 2020;8(32):163-175. DOI: 10.30473/HPJ.2020.52023.4756
19. Keener TA, Hall K, Wang K, Hulsey T, Piamjariyakul U. Relationship of quality of life, resilience, and associated factors among nursing faculty during COVID-19. Nurse Educ. 2021;46(1):17-22. [PMID: 32941307] DOI: 10.1097/NNE.0000000000000926 [DOI:10.1097/NNE.0000000000000926] [PMID]
20. Abbasi M, Farhang Dehghan S, Fallah Madvari R. Interactive effect of background variables and workload parameters on the quality of life among nurses working in highly complex hospital units: A cross-sectional study. J Clin Diagn Res. 2019;13(1):15-25. DOI:10.7860/JCDR/2019/37929.12482 [DOI:10.7860/JCDR/2019/37929.12482]
21. Allen J, Mellor D. Work context, personal control, and burnout amongst nurses. Western West J Nurs Res. 2002;24(8):905-17. [PMID: 12469726] DOI: 10.1177/ 019394502237701 [DOI:10.1177/019394502237701] [PMID]
22. Soewardi H, Kusuma S, editors. Workload Analysis and Improvement of the Nurses Duty in the Hospital. IOP Conference Series. Mater Sci Eng; 2019: IOP Publishing. [DOI:10.1088/1757-899X/530/1/012036]
23. Dehkordi AH, Gholamzad S, Myrfendereski S, Dehkordi AH. The Effect of Covid-19 on Anxiety, Quality of Work Life and Fatigue of Health Care Providers in Health Care Centers; 2020. DOI:10.21203/rs.3.rs-76711/v1 [DOI:10.21203/rs.3.rs-76711/v1]
24. Suryavanshi N, Kadam A, Dhumal G, Nimkar S, Mave V, Gupta A, et al. Mental health and quality of life among healthcare professionals during the COVID‐19 pandemic in India. Brain Behav. 2020;10(11):e01837. [PMID: 32918403] DOI: 10.1002/brb3.1837 [DOI:10.1002/brb3.1837] [PMID] [PMCID]
25. Tabanfar S, Pourbabaki R. Relationship between dimensions of safety climate and unsafe behaviors of the construction industry workers. Arch Occup Health. 2021;5(3):1068-74. [DOI:10.18502/aoh.v5i3.7164]
26. Ghanbary Sartang A, Ashnagar M, Habibi E, Sadeghi S. Evaluation of Rating Scale Mental Effort (RSME) effectiveness for mental workload assessment in nurses. J Occup Health Epid. 2016;5(4):211-7. [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.johe.5.4.211]
27. Haufe S, Kahl KG, Kerling A, Protte G, Bayerle P, Stenner HT, et al. Employers with metabolic syndrome and increased depression/anxiety severity profit most from structured exercise intervention for work ability and quality of life. Front Psychiatry. 2020;11:562. [PMID: 32625123] DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00562 [DOI:10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00562] [PMID] [PMCID]
28. Montazeri A, Goshtasebi A, Vahdaninia M, Gandek B. The Short Form Health Survey (SF-36): translation and validation study of the Iranian version. Qual Life Res. 2005;14(3):875-82. [PMID: 16022079] DOI: 10.1007/s11136-004-1014-5 [DOI:10.1007/s11136-004-1014-5] [PMID]
29. Çelmeçe N, Menekay M. The effect of stress, anxiety and burnout levels of healthcare professionals caring for COVID-19 patients on their quality of life. Front Psychol. 2020;11:597624. [PMID: 33329264] DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.597624 [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.597624] [PMID] [PMCID]
30. Li R, Chen Y, Lv J, Liu L, Zong S, Li H, et al. Anxiety and related factors in frontline clinical nurses fighting COVID-19 in Wuhan. Medicine. 2020;99(30):e21413. [PMID: 32791757] DOI: 10.1097/MD.0000000000021413 [DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000021413] [PMID] [PMCID]
31. Omrani Z, Talebi E. Quality of Life of Nurses and Related Factors. Int J Epidemiol. 2018;5(2):60-3. DOI: 10.15171/ IJER.2018.13 [DOI:10.15171/ijer.2018.13]
32. Öztürk Çopur E, Karasu F. The impact of the COVID‐19 pandemic on the quality of life and depression, anxiety, and stress levels of individuals above the age of eighteen. Perspect Psychiatr Care. 2021;57(4):1645-1655. [PMID: 33512758] DOI: 10.1111/ppc.12730 [DOI:10.1111/ppc.12730] [PMID] [PMCID]
33. Ariapooran S, Ahadi B, Khezeli M. Depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation in nurses with and without symptoms of secondary traumatic stress during the COVID-19 outbreak. Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2022;37:76-81. [PMID: 35337442] DOI: 10.1016/j.apnu.2021.05.005. [DOI:10.1016/j.apnu.2021.05.005] [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Hygiene Engineering

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb