Volume 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2021)                   johe 2021, 8(1): 1-9 | Back to browse issues page

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Abdi M, Arghami S, Fallah R, Shahbazi H. Dangerous Driving Behaviors of Intra-city and Intercity Bus Drivers: Is there any Difference?. johe 2021; 8 (1) :1-9
URL: http://johe.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-654-en.html
1- School of Public Health, Student Research Committee, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Health and Safety Engineering, School of Public Health, & Research & Technology Group of Road Traffic Injury Prevention (RTIP) Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran , arghami@zums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2842 Views)
Background and Objective: Bus drivers, the same as other drivers, are prone to unsafe behavior, and accidents are associated with driver’s risky behavior. Moreover, traffic accidents are different in intra-city and intercity routes, which can be at least partly due to the driver’s behavior. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the dangerous driving behavior of intra-city and intercity bus drivers.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive and analytical study was performed on 107 intra-city and 99 intercity bus drivers in the city of Zanjan, Iran, using demographic characteristics form and the Dula Dangerous Driving Index. Eventually, the collected data were analyzed in SPSS software (version19) through a t-test, chi-square test, and linear regression. The p-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Results: The mean weekly working hours of intra-city bus drivers are significantly higher than those of intercity bus drivers (P<0.05). Moreover, the mean of the dangerous driving index and its sub-scales, except for aggressive driving, were higher in intra-city bus drivers, compared to intercity bus drivers (P<0.05). In addition, the weekly working hours variable had a negative impact on the risky driving score in the intra-city driving routes; however, it had a negative impact on the emotional/cognitive driving subscale and a positive impact on the drunk driving subscale in the intercity driving rout (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Despite the lower number of fines and deaths on intra-city routes, it is necessary to take more serious control measures for the risky behaviors of bus drivers. These include developing intervention programs to manage bus drivers’ working hours in order to reduce fatigue and raise drivers’ awareness for less risky driving behaviors.
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Safety

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