Volume 8, Issue 1 (Spring 2021)                   johe 2021, 8(1): 46-54 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Nasirzadeh N, Nazarparvar M, Mahmoudi D, Alishzadeh A, Mirzae V. Individual and Job Factors Affecting the Incidence of Occupational Violence among Workers in Industries. johe 2021; 8 (1) :46-54
URL: http://johe.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-639-en.html
1- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Occupational Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran , Mehrannazarparvar70@yahoo.com
3- Department of Occupational Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4- Department of Occupational Health and Ergonomics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Abstract:   (2796 Views)
Background and Objective: Deviant behaviors, such as occupational violence, are recognized as a serious crisis all across the globe. It can lead to physiological stress and reduces job satisfaction, as well as social and family relationships. The present study aimed to assess the individual and occupational factors affecting the incidence of workplace violence among workers in different industries in East Azerbaijan.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2018. The research population consisted of all personnel in five industries, including the chocolate factory, food industry, health products, steel, and agricultural industry in East Azerbaijan. Data were collected by a researcher-made questionnaire provided based on standard questionnaires developed in International Labour Organization  (ILO) and World Health Organization (WHO). The validity and reliability of this questionnaire were confirmed in previous studies. Data analysis was performed in SPSS software (version 22) using Chi-square and multiple logistic regression test.
Results: In all industries, verbal violence with a frequency of 46.6% was the most common type of violence. Moreover, internal organizational factors played a major role in the incidence of occupational violence in these industries. The results of logistic regression pointed to the statistically significant associations of occupational violence with referring to a psychiatrist (P=0.005), gender (P=0.001), and work shift(P=0.001).
Conclusion: The high prevalence of verbal violence highlights the necessity of some plans and measures in this regard. Therefore, it is recommended that ergonomics and psychology intervention be implemented to reduce the stressful environmental conditions and violence among employees.
Full-Text [PDF 1193 kb]   (846 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Ergonomics

1. Chappell D, Di Martino V. Violence at work. Geneva: International Labour Organization; 2006. [DOI]
2. Fida R, Paciello M, Tramontano C, Fontaine RG, Barbaranelli C, Farnese ML. An integrative approach to understanding counterproductive work behavior: the roles of stressors, negative emotions, and moral disengagement. J Busin Ethics. 2015;130(1):131-44. DOI: 10.1007/s10551-014-2209-5 [DOI]
3. FitzGerald D, Reid A. Frequency and consequences of violence in community pharmacies in Ireland. Occup Med. 2012; 62(8):632-7. PMID: 22968415 DOI: 10.1093/occmed/kqs154 [DOI]
4. Spector PE, Fox S, Domagalski T. Emotions, violence and counterproductive work behavior. Handbook of workplace violence. California: Sage Publications; 2006. P. 29-46. [DOI]
5. Glomb TM, Cortina LM. The experience of victims: using theories of traumatic and chronic stress to understand individual outcomes of workplace abuse. California: Sage Publications; 2006. [DOI]
6. Copeland D, Henry M. The relationship between workplace violence, perceptions of safety, and professional quality of life among emergency department staff members in a level 1 trauma centre. Int Emerg Nurs. 2018;39:26-32. PMID: 29402717 DOI: 10.1016/j.ienj.2018.01.006 [DOI]
7. Krug EG, Mercy JA, Dahlberg LL, Zwi AB. The world report on violence and health. Lancet. 2002;360(9339):1083-8. PMID: 12384003 DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(02)11133-0 [DOI]
8. Ridenour M, Lanza M, Hendricks S, Hartley D, Rierdan J, Zeiss R, et al. Incidence and risk factors of workplace violence on psychiatric staff. Work. 2015;51(1):19-28. PMID: 24894691 DOI: 10.3233/WOR-141894 [DOI]
9. Pendse S. Industrial violence: a case study. Econ Political Weekly. 1980;15(11):546-8. [DOI]
10. Aytac S, Bozkurt V, Bayram N, Yildiz S, Aytac M, Sokullu Akinci F, et al. Workplace violence: a study of Turkish workers. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2011;17(4):385-402. PMID: 22152504 DOI: 10.1080/10803548.2011.11076902 [DOI]
11. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The national institute for occupational safety and health (NIOSH). Occupational exposure banding. Georgia: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2017. [DOI]
12. Di Martino V. Workplace violence in the health sector. Country case studies Brazil, Bulgaria, Lebanon, Portugal, South Africa, Thailand and an additional Australian study. Ginebra: Organización Internacional del Trabajo; 2002. P. 3-42. [DOI]
13. Xu T, Magnusson Hanson LL, Lange T, Starkopf L, Westerlund H, Madsen IE, et al. Workplace bullying and workplace violence as risk factors for cardiovascular disease: a multi-cohort study. Eur Heart J. 2019;40(14):1124-34. PMID: 30452614 DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehy683 [DOI]
14. Gohil RK, Singh PK, Saxena N, Patel G. Work place violence against resident doctors of a tertiary care hospital in Delhi, India. Int Surg J. 2019;6(3):975-81. DOI: 10.18203/2349-2902.isj20190834 [DOI]
15. Bhattacharjee SS. 12 Fast fashion, production targets, and gender-based violence in Asian garment supply chains. Labor, Global Supply Chains, and the Garment Industry in South Asia: Bangladesh after Rana Plaza. London: Routledge; 2019. [DOI]
16. Lyimo M. Sexual harassment: an insight into the Indian garment industry. India: Cividep; 2010. [DOI]
17. FWF (Fair Wear Foundation). Breaking the silence: The FWF violence and harassment prevention programme. Amsterdam: Fair Wear Foundation; 2013. [DOI]
18. Gibbs A, Jewkes R, Willan S, Al Mamun M, Parvin K, Yu M, et al. Workplace violence in Bangladesh's garment industry. Soc Sci Med. 2019;235:112383. PMID: 31260817 DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112383 [DOI]
19. Lee HE, Kim HR, Park JS. Work-related risk factors for workplace violence among Korean employees. J Occup Health. 2014;56(1):12-20. PMID: 24270925 DOI: 10.1539/joh.13-0082-oa [DOI]
20. Saberi HR, Motalebi Kashani M, Dehdashti A. Occupational violence among female workers in an Iranian industrial area. Women Health. 2019;59(9):1075-87. PMID: 30913999 DOI: 10.1080/03630242.2019.1593285 [DOI]
21. Edwards J, Buckley P. Customer-perpetrated work-related violence: prevalence and trends in Britain. Occup Med. 2016;66(7):522-7. PMID: 27209323 DOI: 10.1093/occmed/kqw038 [DOI]
22. Mayhew C. Occupational violence in industrialized countries: types, incidence patterns and ‘at risk’groups of workers. Violence at work: causes, patterns and prevention. Cullompton: Willan Publishing; 2002. P. 21-40. [DOI]
23. Burgel BJ, Gillen M, White MC. Work‐related violence experienced by urban taxi drivers. Am J Ind Med. 2014;57(12):1377-85. PMID: 25331679 DOI: 10.1002/ajim.22397 [DOI]
24. Menéndez-Menéndez MI. Cultural industries and symbolic violence: practices and discourses that perpetuate inequality. Proc Soc Behav Sci. 2014;161:64-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.12.011 [DOI]
25. Hearn J. The organization (s) of violence: men, gender relations, organizations, and violences. Hum Relations. 1994;47(6):731-54. DOI: 10.1177/001872679404700608 [DOI]
26. World Health Organization. The economic dimensions of interpersonal violence. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004. [DOI]
27. Sigursteinsdóttir H, Rafnsdóttir GL, Einarsdóttir T. Threats and physical violence in female-dominated workplaces in times of an economic crisis. Int J Workplace Health Manag. 2020;13(4):377-99. DOI: 10.1108/IJWHM-01-2019-0009 [DOI]
28. Park M, Cho SH, Hong HJ. Prevalence and perpetrators of workplace violence by nursing unit and the relationship between violence and the perceived work environment. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2015;47(1):87-95. PMID: 25352254 DOI: 10.1111/jnu.12112 [DOI]
29. International Labour Office, World Health Organization, and Public Services International (ILO/ICN/WHO/PSI). Framework guidelines for addressing workplace violence in the health sector. Geneva: International Labour Office; 2005. [DOI]
30. Nasirzadeh N, Nazarparvar M, Mirzai V, Mahmoudi D. Development of a violence in industries questionnaire (VIQ): Evaluation validity and reliability in Iran. 4th International Conference Psychology, Shiraz, Iran; 2019. [DOI]
31. Abed M, Morris E, Sobers-Grannum N. Workplace violence against medical staff in healthcare facilities in Barbados. Occup Med. 2016;66(7):580-3. PMID: 27371658 DOI: 10.1093/occmed/kqw073 [DOI]
32. Chen C, Smith PM, Mustard C. Gender differences in injuries attributed to workplace violence in Ontario 2002–2015. Occup Environ Med. 2019;76(1):3-9. PMID: 30158317 DOI: 10.1136/oemed-2018-105152 [DOI]
33. Alipour A, Dianat I, Halvani GH, Falah Zadeh H. Individual and job factors affecting the exposure to occupational violence among health care workers in the hospitals in Yazd province in 2016. Health Saf Work. 2018;8(2):175-86. [Persian] [DOI]
34. Aghilinejad M, Nojomi M, Mohammad Seyed Mehdi S. Study of prevalence of violence against nurses and related factors. Razi J Med Sci. 2011;18(86):49-58. [DOI]
35. Koohestani H, Baghcheghi N, Rezaei K, Abedi A, Seraji A, Zand S. Occupational violence in nursing students in Arak, Iran. Iran J Epidemiol. 2011;7(2):44-50. [Persian] [DOI]
36. Şimşek Z, Kara B, Ersin F, Ökten Ş, Yıldırımkaya G. Prevalence of violence: male and female seasonal agricultural workers' approach to violence in Turkey. Soc Work Public Health. 2016;31(7):626-37. PMID: 27331620 DOI: 10.1080/19371918.2015.1137520 [DOI]
37. Hajagazadeh M, Nasirzadeh N, Zare M. Perceived social support in the personnel of a manufacturing industry in Urmia in 2014-15. J Occup Hyg Eng. 2015;2(2):52-61. [DOI]
38. Bambi S, Guazzini A, Piredda M, Lucchini A, De Marinis MG, Rasero L. Negative interactions among nurses: an explorative study on lateral violence and bullying in nursing work settings. J Nurs Manag. 2019;27(4):749-57. PMID: 30506602 [DOI]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Hygiene Engineering

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb