Volume 9, Issue 1 (Spring 2022)                   johe 2022, 9(1): 29-36 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Vosoughi S, Davari M, Ebrahimi H, Abolghasemi J, Talebi M. The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Job Stress with Safety Behavior among Work Permit Issuers in One of the Oil Industries. johe 2022; 9 (1) : 4
URL: http://johe.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-712-en.html
1- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , m_davari2020@yahoo.com
3- Department of Statistics, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Oil refinery company Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1537 Views)
Background and Objective: Due to the major role of emotional intelligence in the prevention of risky behavior and management of workplace stresses, the present study aimed to assess the relationship of emotional intelligence and job stress with safety behaviors among work permit issuers in one of the oil industries in Tehran in 2020.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was performed on 300 employees of an oil refinery in Tehran. Demographic information questionnaire, Siberian Schering Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire, as well as Parker and Decotis Job Stress Questionnaire were used to collect data. Moreover, to examine safety behaviors, a 23-item behavioral questionnaire which was developed by Mehdi Nia et al. and assesses safety compliance and safety participation was used. To obtain the percentage of safe behavior on an observational basis, a behavioral checklist of five important behaviors of work permit issuers that are part of the work permit guidelines and have been measured in past events was used.
Results: In this study, the percentage rates of safe behavior of work permit issuers, their stress levels, and emotional intelligence were reported as 40.57, 2.26, and 3.12, respectively. The assessment of the relationship between emotional intelligence and the percentage of safe behavior pointed to a statistically significant relationship (P=0.019) with a correlation coefficient of 0.161. Moreover, job stress with a correlation coefficient of -0.217 demonstrated a significant relationship with emotional intelligence (P=0.001). Anxiety with a correlation coefficient of -0.068 had a significant and inverse relationship with the percentage of safe behaviors (P=0.022).
Conclusion: As evidenced by the results of this study, among the permit issuers in the refinery, people with higher emotional intelligence experienced lower levels of stress and perform more safety behavior.

Article number: 4
Full-Text [PDF 754 kb]   (815 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Safety

1. Yu F-F, Wang T-C, Cai B-H, Zhang X-H, Gao X-Q. Study on permit-to-work system of petrochemical enterprises. J Saf Sci Tech. 2012;7:106-111.
2. Zimmerman J, Haywood B. Process safety management best practice: safe work permit management system. asse professional development conference and exposition. ASSE Professional Development Conference and Exposition; 2017.
3. Azadeh A, Mohammadfam I. The evaluation of importance of safety behaviors in a steel manufacturer by entropy. J Res Health Sci. 2009;9(2):10-18. [Persian]
4. Mahdinia M, Arsang Jang S, Sadeghi A, Karimi A. Assessment of safety behavior and determination of its predictive individual and occupational variables. Occupa Med Quart J. 2017;9(3):22-31 [Persian]
5. Khandan M, Koohpaei A, Mobinizadeh V. The relationship between emotional intelligence with general health and safety behavior among workers of a manufacturing industry in 2014. J Sabzevar Uni Med Sci. 2017;24(1):63-70. [Persian]
6. Zhang P, Li N, Fang D, Wu H. Supervisor-focused behavior-based safety method for the construction industry: Case study in Hong Kong. J Constr Eng Manag. 2017;143(7):05017009 [DOI:10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001294]
7. Nouri J, Azadeh A, Fam IM. The evaluation of safety behaviors in a gas treatment company in Iran. J Loss Prev Process Ind. 2008;21(3):319-325. [Persian] [DOI:10.1016/j.jlp.2007.11.006]
8. Othman AK, Abas MK, Ishak MS. The moderating role of spiritual intelligence on the relationship between job stress and job performance of employees in a banking sector. J Islam Stud. 2017;1(1):89-103.
9. Rudgar Nezhad F. The effect of job stress on safety behavior with the moderator role of emotional intelligence in the terminal of guilan ports and maritime administration operators. J Res Manag Teach Mar Sci. 2019;6(3):119-34. [Persian].
10. Lu C-S, Kuo S-Y. The effect of job stress on self-reported safety behaviour in container terminal operations: The moderating role of emotional intelligence. Transp Res F: Traffic Psychol Behav. 2016;37:10-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2015.12.008 [DOI:10.1016/j.trf.2015.12.008]
11. Smith TD, DeJoy DM. Safety climate, safety behaviors and line-of-duty injuries in the fire service. Int J Emerg Serv. 2014;3(1):49-64. DOI: 10.1108/IJES-04-2013-0010 [DOI:10.1108/IJES-04-2013-0010]
12. Goleman D. Emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam. Surveying the Influence of Transformational Leadership on Empowerment; 1995.
13. Cacioppo JT, Ernst JM, Burleson MH, McClintock MK, Malarkey WB, Hawkley LC, et al. Lonely traits and concomitant physiological processes: The MacArthur social neuroscience studies. Int J Psychophysiol. 2000;35(2-3):143-54. [PMID: 10677643] DOI: 10.1016/s0167-8760(99)00049-5 [DOI:10.1016/S0167-8760(99)00049-5] [PMID]
14. Cameron N. Personality development and psychopathology, dissociative reactions. Boston (Hugh Mifflin); 1963.
15. Ceci SJ. So near and yet so far: Lingering questions about the use of measures of general intelligence for college admission and employment screening. Psychol Public Policy Law. 2000;6(1):233-252. DOI: 10.1037/1076-8971.6.1.233 [DOI:10.1037/1076-8971.6.1.233]
16. Dickens WT, Flynn JR. Heritability estimates versus large environmental effects: the IQ paradox resolved. Psychol Rev. 2001;108(2):346-69. [PMID: 11381833] DOI: 10.1037/ 0033-295x.108.2.346 [DOI:10.1037/0033-295X.108.2.346] [PMID]
17. Basso MR, Schefft BK, 17. Ris MD, Dember WN. Mood and global-local visual processing. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 1996;2(3):249-55. [PMID: 9375191] DOI: 10.1017/s135561 7700001193 [DOI:10.1017/S1355617700001193] [PMID]
18. Williams PT. Health effects resulting from exercise versus those from body fat loss. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2001;33(6 Suppl):S611-21; discussion S40. [PMID: 11427786] DOI: 10.1097/00005768-200106001-00030 [DOI:10.1097/00005768-200106001-00030] [PMID]
19. Markovitz JH, Jonas BS, Davidson K. Psychologic factors as precursors to hypertension. Curr Hypertens Rep. 2001;3(1):25-32. DOI: 10.1007/s11906-001-0074-y [DOI:10.1007/s11906-001-0074-y] [PMID]
20. Pirmand R Dodangeh S, Zakerian SA, Dehghani M, Ghazi Tabatabaie SM. Relationship between the mployees' emotional intelligence and their job satisfaction using structural equation model in one of the oil industries in Tehran. J Saf Health Work. 2016;6(1):31-42. [Persian]
21. Dehshiri Gr. Study of relationship between emotional intelligence and time management with high school teachers job stress. J Res Couns Dev. 2005;3(12):52-64. [Persian]
22. Chhabra M, Chhabra B. Emotional intelligence and occupational stress: a study of Indian Border Security Force personnel. Police Pract Res. 2013;14(5):355-70. DOI: 10.1080/15614263. 2012.722782 [DOI:10.1080/15614263.2012.722782]
23. Wan HC, Downey LA, Stough C. Understanding non-work presenteeism: Relationships between emotional intelligence, boredom, procrastination and job stress. Pers Individ Differ. 2014;65:86-90. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2014.01.018 [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2014.01.018]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Occupational Hygiene Engineering

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb