Volume 6, Issue 1 (Spring 2019)                   johe 2019, 6(1): 52-62 | Back to browse issues page

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Rajabi F, Mokarami H, Jahangiri M. Investigation of Safety Performance of the Workers and the Effective Demographic Charactristics in a Gas Refinery. johe 2019; 6 (1) :52-62
URL: http://johe.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-473-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2- Department of Ergonomics, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran
3- Department of Ergonomics, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences Shiraz, Iran , jahangiri_m@sums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4339 Views)
Background and Objective: Despite the advances in occupational safety, many accidents still occur in the workplace, most of which are due to the poor safety performance of the workers. The knowledge of the factors affecting safety performance is a suitable guide regarding the plan developments for occupational accident prevention. Therefore, this study was conducted to measure and determine demographic factors affecting the safety performance of workers
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional and analytical study was carried out on 487 workers working at a gas refinery in 2018. The Persian version of the Neal and Griffin questionnaires were used in order to measure their safety performance. Moreover, demographic characteristics were measured by a researcher-made questionnaire. Psychometric properties of this questionnaire were initially measured to ensure the validity and reliability of the safety performance questionnaire.  In addition, the relationship between demographic characteristics and safety performance was assessed using SPSS software (version 23) through one-way ANOVA and independent sample t-test.
Results: The primary results of this study showed that the safety performance questionnaire had desirable validity and reliability. Moreover, the safety performance of workers was at the desired level. According to the results obtained from the demographic characteristics, safety performance was correlated significantly with age and job experience (P<0.05). In other words, low experienced and younger workers had a poor safety performance, compared to the elderly ones.
Conclusion: Considering the poor safety performance of young and low experienced workers, compared to the older and high experience ones, it is necessary to pay more attention to these two groups in the development of safety plans in the workplace.
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Safety

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