Volume 3, Number 3 ( Volume 3, Number 3, (Journal of Occupational Health Engineering, Autumn 2016) 2016) | johe 2016, 3(3): 16-23 | Back to browse issues page

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Bolghanabadi S, Pour M, Mohamadi A A, Tizro M. The Relation between Heat strain and hydration status among. johe. 2016; 3 (3) :16-23
URL: http://johe.umsha.ac.ir/article-1-242-en.html

Neyshabur University of Medical Sciences , bolghanabadis1@nums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (767 Views)

Introduction: during the physical activity in hot environments, sweating with evaporation, the important physiological response of the body  increases which can be lead to dehydration . Long-term water shortages could adversely affect vital organs. The aim of this study was to determine heat stress and dehydration status of workers in hot workplaces.

Methods: This cross sectional study was done on 90 workers of workers in sugar factory which were exposed to heat. Heart rate and oral temperature were respectively measured using a heart rate meter and an oral thermometer. WBGT index was recorded and the HSSI questionnaire was completed simultaneously, in order to assess dehydration level was measured of refractometer. Data obtained from this study were analyzed using compare means and t-test, paired t-test tests by SPSS 20 software

Results: Heat stress exceeded the national and international recommended limits based on the WBGT index in 44% of cases of workstations. According to this study, 8.5% of our population had some degree of dehydration.63.4% of them were significantly dehydrated (urine SG>1.020) and 28% of them were severely dehydrated (urine SG>1.030) and the mean specific gravity was 1.025±0.043 The correlations between heat strains, Urine Density and heat stress including oral temperature, heart rate were significant(p<0.05).

Conclusion: A high percentage of the study population had some degree of dehydration that based on the results is worrying. It seems that planning in order to control of heat stresses by replace drinking is necessary.

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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Special

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