Volume 10, Issue 2 (Summer 2023)                   johe 2023, 10(2): 115-128 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 10540
Ethics code: IR.UMSU.REC.1400.017

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1- School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2- Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia Iran
3- Chief of safety and fire fighting of West Azarbaijan gas company, Urmia, Iran
4- Department of Occupational Health, School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia Iran , ghahramani.a@gmail.com
Abstract:   (805 Views)
Background and Objective: Municipal gas is a hazardous substance with high flammability, and unsafe acts and conditions in its transmission and distribution can lead to numerous accidents. Therefore, the present study was conducted with the main aim of modeling the effect of individual, occupational, and organizational factors in the occurrence of occupational accidents in the West Azerbaijan gas company.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a validated researcher-made questionnaire was used to identify factors influencing the occurrence of occupational accidents. A questionnaire was distributed among 500 employees of the company and a total of 379 acceptable questionnaires (79.4%) were received for analysis. The relationship between the study variables was analyzed using SPSS 14 software. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was conducted in AMOS 18 software.
Results: The results of the present study showed that the mean score of the questionnaire factors was 2.84 (±0.82). Examining the scores of different factors of the questionnaire indicated that the average score of the organizational factor (3.21) was greater than that of the individual (2.53) and occupational (2.79) factors. Safety supervision and management, as one of the organizational sub-factors, had the highest importance (3.77), while risk perception, as one of the individual sub-factors, had the least importance (1.96) in creating unsafe acts and conditions. In the SEM model, the effect of the occupational factor on the individual factor (0.54) was higher than the effect of the organizational factor on the individual factor (0.24); however, different factors had no significant effect on the occurrence of occupational accidents.
Conclusion: The management of the organization must control the organizational factors as the most important influencing factor with appropriate monitoring and planning. Moreover, it is possible to help prevent occupational accidents in the workplace by improving occupational and personal factors effective in creating unsafe acts and conditions.

 
Article number: 6
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Type of Study: Research Article | Subject: Safety

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